Orange County teachers’ attorney sues over union dues

Two Orange County, California teachers are among a group of ten educators across the state who have sued seeking an end to having to pay mandatory California state teachers’ union fees according to their attorney.

The teachers’ argument is that California’s current “agency shop” law violates their First Amendment freedom of expression rights by forcing them to pay $1,000 per year that end up supporting political causes with which they do not agree.

None of the ten teachers are union members. Despite this fact though, all of them are required to pay an amount equal to teacher union dues under a law also known as the “fair share” law. It is premised on the idea that because unions are required to represent all employees, even those not belonging to the union, that all teachers should bear the administrative cost of such representation.

The teachers, through their attorney, are arguing that a 2012 Supreme Court decision suggests that they should not be required to continue to pay. The teachers are trying to extend the logic of 2012’s Knox v. Service Employees International Union, in which a 5-4 Supreme Court majority held agency fees permissible, provided that unions offer an opt-out method.

It is not contested here that teachers in California are indeed afforded an opt-out method. The process though, according to the teacher’s legal counsel, is cumbersome and rarely utilized. Given that decision, how do the teachers hope to win this case? In the 2012 case, conservative justices on the court suggested that they are open to the argument that such fees are inherently unconstitutional. The teachers hope to be able to sway a majority of justices over to that line of thinking.

Currently though, the case is not at the Supreme Court level. It was filed in a federal district court here in California. The attorney believes that the case could end up on the Supreme Court’s docket as early as next year.

Gregory R. Branch, Esq. is an Orange County special education attorney. He represents families in disputes with school districts in Orange, Riverside, and Los Angeles Counties. If you are currently engaged in a special education dispute, please contact his office at (714) 856-1166 or be emailing

Orange County special education attorney opposes AASA proposal


As an Orange County special education attorney, California, I am writing here to explain my opposition to the School Superintendent’s Association’s (AASA) recently released policy proposal Rethinking Special Education Due Process (RSEDP). I have a number of concerns with this document which I would like to address. First though, let me give a brief overview of the document’s purpose and policy proposals.

IDEA is the major law governing special education

law in school. It currently is past due for reauthorization, but to borrow a line from another special education blogger, Jim Gerl, “Congress is too busy ignoring other important issues at this time.” Since it stands to reason that Congress will indeed decide at some point to address this important piece of legislation, AASA produced RSEDP for the purpose of influencing the conversation around what sort of changes should be included when that gets done.

In a nutshell (for a longer discussion of what RSEDP contains, read my article on, AASA is proposing a complete overhaul of the dispute resolution section of IDEA. Under its proposal, due process hearings (DPH) would be eliminated, mediation would no longer be binding, and parents would no longer be allowed to be represented by attorneys or advocates during mediation. In place of DPHs, AASA recommends two alternative procedures, facilitated IEPs and a “consultant IEP process.”

Facilitated IEP: A facilitated IEP would be used to resolve disputes before a formal due process complaint has been filed by bringing in an outside contracted “state-approved, trained IEP facilitator” who would be a “neutral, state-provided, trained facilitator.” The facilitator would attempt to help the district and parents reach agreement before legal paperwork is filed. Personally, I do not have any issue with the addition a facilitated IEP when an IEP between the district and the parent fails to reach agreement. Such a system can help solve problems before they become larger and more personal.

Consultant IEP Process: If a formal due process complaint has been filed and mediation failed or if one of the parties believed that mediation would be fruitless, the parties would be required to select “an independent, neutral special education consultant designated by the state to review evidence of the child’s disability and advise the parties on how to devise a suitable IEP.” The consultant would have 21 days to collect all the necessary information and design an IEP to be given to the parties. Both parties would agree to honor the IEP for an agreed upon period of time. If at the conclusion of that time period either party was dissatisfied with the consultant’s IEP, that party could litigate their claim in court.

As a special education attorney here in Orange County, Calfornia, following are some of the major objections I have to AASA’s proposal.

This is a Civil Rights Issue

The reason why IDEA was enacted over thirty years ago was to protect the civil rights of disabled students. AASA argues that these protection can now be watered down because of increased government oversight of special education programs due to mechanism within IDEA 2004 and No Child Left Behind (NCLB). I strongly disagree. Yes, these measures have increased oversight on the overall special education system. Under NCLB, districts are required to report on the overall academic achievement of their disabled students and schools and districts can face sanctions for not meeting nation-wide standards on these measures. It is also true that IDEA 2004 requires districts to report on numerous performance and compliance measures. Failure to comply with these rules can lead to a loss of significant federal dollars.

Yes, these things are true. However, these are macro measures not micro measures. They ensure the system is working as a whole; these laws do nothing to ensure that a district is meeting the needs of an individual child. It is not enough to say to a parent that district children are advancing, but sorry, the IEP for your child does not ensure a free and adequate public education. Each parent and child count, so to undermine the system supporting their right to challenge a district premised on the notion that the overall system as a whole now has greater accountability simply is insufficient. Civil rights are there for the individual. It is not enough to argue that we are meeting the needs for some percentage of individuals; the system is there to protect each individuals right to an education.

Unfairly Tilting the Balance of Power

After reading AASA’a RSEDP, I walked away with the strong suspicion that AASA was trying to place its thumb heavily upon the balance of power that currently exists between parents and districts. The proposal seeks to strip parents of the right to representation during mediation. While I know lawyer-bashing is an American past-time, lawyers and advocates serve an important role in special education mediation. Keep in mind what such a mediation would often look like. During mediation, a highly-trained district office administrator, many of whom who hold doctorate degrees in education or more specifically special education, would be facing a parent who is generally lacking in knowledge about education in general and also special education law. There is a gross mismatch in terms of understanding of the system and its rules and regulations. Such a situation literally invites district overreaching.

The AASA report states the use of attorneys has limited the effectiveness of mediation because their presence “complicates and compromises the outcome of mediation.” I was interested in following up on this quote and the context in which it was given but was unable to do so because the footnote is incorrect. It states the author of the quote is Mueller and states she is cited at 58. She is not. She is cited several times in the report, but the articles as cited are not accessible unless one is a subscriber to a service. That said, what attorneys provide is knowledge of their client’s rights. If advocating for their client “complicates and compromises the outcome of mediation,” then I would argue the suggested outcome was not a fair one for the parent or, more importantly, the child.

Given the above, it appears that AASA basic proposal is that its members should enter mediation with knowledge and authority while parents should not. They believe that when parents have knowledge of their rights through advocacy that it only complicates the process. Our disabled children deserve a better philosophical approach then AASA is offering here.

A Solution in Search of a Problem

A final issue of mine with the proposal is that it is a solution for a non-existent problem. While the proposal attempts to paint due process hearings as a major source of problems for school districts, the report’s statistics clearly show that DPHs are not. The statistics given here were collected by AASA for use in this proposal. 200 randomly selected school superintendents were surveyed about the impact of the due process hearing system on their respective districts. Of those 200 superintendents, 99 reported that their district had not been engaged in a single due process hearing during the last 5 years. 29 reported having one due process hearing in the last five years, 44 reported having between 2 and 5, 14 reported between 6 and 10, and 6 had 11 or more.

The reality is that when almost half the respondents do not report a single DPH and of the remainder, 3/4 had been involved in less than 5, this is not a significant issue. Also, keep in mind when reading these statistics that AASA did not ask whether the district had prevailed, lost, or had a mixed ruling of losing on some and winning on some of the issues. While it is true that districts prevail more than they lose, a large number of these DPH cases were cases where the parents prevailed because the district involved was not doing its job.

Based on this reasoning, districts are facing a very small number of cases in which the parents do not have a legitimate issue of contention with the district’s proposed IEP or implementation of an actual agreed upon IEP. Also, just because the district won (or the parent for that matter), does not mean that there was not a legitimate question that needed to be resolved. Thus, doing away with DPHs when there are so few of them across the nation is a solution for a problem that does not exist.


I could go on with other arguments, (effect on the court system, the idea that stress on school personnel is a valid reason to lessen disabled children’s civil right, etc…) but the above should be sufficient to show that AASA’s proposal is flawed and should not be followed. Our disabled children need protection. One only needs look back to the system that existed prior to IDEA where only 20% of our disabled children were even being educated to know that IDEA and its protections serve an important purpose. IDEA is an important civil rights tools and should not be watered down based on the flawed reasoning displayed in RSDEP.

For another thoughtful criticism of this proposal by Mary Richard, a special education attorney, click here.

Gregory R. Branch is an Orange County attorney who practices in the area of special education. If you are having a dispute with your local school district, please call him at (714) 856-1166 or email him at




District special education litigation costs become more transparent in California

The California Supreme Court recently upheld and certified for publication a non-special education case that has important ramifications for special education across the state. For years, the special education litigation costs for districts have been a closely guarded secret. In fact, when I interned with a special education attorney representing districts some years ago. I was handed a document that listed costs per district and was expressly told to never release the information (which I will not) and told that districts never want the information to get out to the public.

Now though, everyone who is interested should be able to gain access to this information. In County of Los Angeles vs. Anderson-Barker, California’s Supreme Court has published that the main legal basis given by districts does not hold water and such information will have to be released if districts are presented with a proper request for the information. In the case, an attorney sought litigation cost expense in an on-going civil rights matter currently being heard in the courts.

Requests for information from state public agencies are covered under the California Public Records Act, (CPRA). This law was enacted in 1968 and modeled after the federal Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The purpose of the CPRA is to increase “freedom of information by giving members of the public access to information in the possession of public agencies.” Like the FOIA, this law creates specific exemptions which public agencies can cite in order to avoid revealing information considered sensitive. When parents or attorneys request that districts and or Special Education Local Plan Agencies (SELPAs) turn over litigation expense information, district have blocked such requests using three specific exemptions from CPRA: 1) attorney-client privilege; 2) attorney work product doctrine; and 3) the pending litigation exemption.

In this decision, which focused on the pending litigation exemption, the court made quick work of the County’s arguments not to disclose the information. According to the court, under CPRA, the pending litigation exemption applies to documents prepared specifically for litigation. Billing statements and the like, while related to the litigation, are not covered because the information was not compiled for litigation but rather for billing purposes related to getting paid. The court stated, “this is true even though the requested records relate to pending litigation and, indeed, would not have existed but for the pending litigation.” Based on this decision, school district special education litigation costs will become more transparent, because districts have long used this same argument to block requests for litigation expense information.

For a more thorough explanation of the decision, read my article on the same issue.

Special Education Representation

Under federal and state law, children with special educational needs are entitled to a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). Along with the rights provided for by IDEA, other protections ensue under Section 504, Federal Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the Americans with Disabilities Act, and various other states and federal laws. These laws, and the manner in which they overlap, provide a maze that is easy even for the initiated to get lost within.

The Law Office of Gregory R. Branch through Gregory R. Branch brings a unique perspective and unbeatable combination of experiences to the table. Mr. Branch worked in public education for over twenty years, teaching every grade K-12 and serving as a principal and assistant principal. He understands that each special education issue is different and needs to treated as such. At The Law Office of Gregory R. Branch, the focus is on the client and securing the individual accommodations that will ensure that child the best possibility of success.

Mr. Branch is sensitive to the thoughts and experiences of his clients. He varies his strategy to meet the specific facts of the case with which he is dealing. In general, his approach is to obtain as much information as is possible in order to make the highest quality decisions that are in the client’s best interest. By applying those facts to the law, he is able to work collaboratively with his clients to determine the services that will truly benefit the child and then work to secure those services.

Mr. Branch offers a wide array of special education advocacy in a client-centered practice. At his law office, Mr. Branch can assist you with:

  • reviewing educational records
  • developing an appropriate IEP
  • securing a proper educational placement
  • obtaining proper educational services
  • ensuring that the educational testing plan is calculated to identify suspected learning disabilities

If you are experiencing difficulties negotiating with your school district or simply want to ensure your child receives the educational opportunities that the law ensure, contact my office and set-up an appointment.

An initial consultation is free. Simply pick up the phone (714-856-1166) or send me an email at to begin the process of advocating for your child.



School Lawyer, Gregory R. Branch Orange County Education Attorney

Looking for a school lawyer? I am Gregory R. Branch, Esq., an Orange County special education attorney who represents families experiencing difficulties in dealing with their local school district. Whether it is a special education issue, a school discipline matter, or a failure to respond when your child is being bullied, I am able to help. I bring a wealth of experience to my Orange County special education attorney practice. In addition to being an attorney, I have over twenty years of experience working in local schools, having taught every grade K-12 and having served as both an assistant principal and a principal. I understand local schools and school districts.

PERSONAL SERVICE: What makes my special education law practice different than competitor firms is my commitment to personal service. I make it a policy to get back to my customers the same day they call or e-mail. With larger firms, it is often difficult to get to speak to your lawyer quickly. That is not true for me. It may not be until that evening, but I will get back to you the same day.

LOW RATE COMMITMENT: I strive to keep my rate affordable so that I can help as many children as possible. I encourage you to check with me about my rates and then comparison shop. I am confident that you will find that despite my credentials, I offer rates designed to ensure that the maximum amount of families can afford representation for their children.

AREA OF SERVICE: The law office accepts clients from all over Southern California. If you live in Riverside, Los Angeles, San Bernardino, or Orange County, please contact our office with your educational law issue.

If you are looking for an Orange County special education attorney at an affordable price, and you are having a problem dealing with your local district, please contact my firm immediately.

Contact Info

The Law Office of Gregory R. Branch
5122 E. Hunsford Dr. Suite C
Orange, CA

Comments or questions are welcome.

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OC Special AttorneyPROFESSIONAL INFORMATION:  Gregory Branch has over twenty years experience in education, having taught every grade level K-12.  He has been an educator in Orange, Riverside, and San Bernardino Counties.  Additionally, he has worked as both an assistant principal of a middle school and the principal of an elementary school.

EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION:  Mr. Branch graduated from California State University Fullerton with a Bachelor’s Degree in History.  He then earned his single subject teaching credential in History and Computer Applications from California Polytechnic University Pomona.  Later, he earned a Master of Arts Degree in Educational Administration and a school administration credential from La Sierra University in Riverside, CA.  While serving as principal of an elementary school in Huntington Beach, Mr. Branch helped design and run a program for emotionally disturbed children.  Those experiences created a great interest in the rights of children and a desire to advocate in the area of special education.  In order to realize this goal, Mr. Branch attended Whittier Law School as a part-time evening student. He attended law school at night while continuing his career in the day.  With the support of his family, he was able to graduate from law school in the top 20% of his class and then pass the California Bar exam. While in law school, he focused his out-of-class legal educational experiences in the special education arena, working within Whittier’s Children’s Rights Center and also externing for an attorney solely practicing special education law.  

AREAS OF PRACTICE: Mr. Branch utilizes his educational and law background to represent families throughout Orange County and Southern California, in their dealings with school districts. He handles special education cases, school discipline cases, First Amendment issues, 504 creation and enforcement, and all other educationally related matters.

PERSONAL INFORMATION:  Mr. Branch has a beautiful wife Michele who is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and a school counselor. They have a wonderful daughter who attends the Orange County High School of the Arts.  The fourth member of his family is Tanner Jake, his 95 pound yellow lab. When not at work, he enjoys hiking, reading, volunteer work, and cooking.